Narendra Modi Factsheet
Sept 17, 1950
Place of Birth
Vadnagar, Mehsana, Gujarat
Gujarat University (1983), University of Delhi (1978), School of Open Learning.
Smt. Heeraben Modi
Damodardas Mulchand Modi
Soma Modi, Pankaj Modi, Prahlad Modi, Vasantiben Hasmukhlal Modi
Prime Minister of India
Since 26th May 2014
16th Prime Minister of India,14th Chief Minister of Gujarat, Member of the Lok Sabha constituency for Varanasi, Member of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly for Maninagar
Bharatiya Janata Party.
University of Delhi
- Narendra Modi Biography
- About Narendra Modi
- Detailed Profile Of Narendra Modi
- Narendra Modi Family And Personal Background
- Narendra Modi Wife – Jashodaben
- Narendra Modi Political Career
- PM Narendra Modi Political Journey
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi Schemes
- Narendra Modi’s International Tours
- Narendra Modi’s tenure as best Gujarat Chief Minister
- Narendra Modi First Term (2001 to 2002)
- 2002 Gujarat violence
- Narendra Modi Second Term (2002 to 2007)
- Narendra Modi Third Term (2007 to 2012)
- Narendra Modi Fourth Term (2012 to 2014)
- Narendra Modi Awards Won
- Narendra Modi Books
- Books written by Narendra Modi
- Narendra Modi Social Media Links
Narendra Modi Biography
Narendra Modi is the only Prime Minister of India who was born in ‘Independent India’, that is, post-August 15, 1947. He is also the leading Indian Prime Minister whose mom Heeraben Modi was alive when he took Oath as PM. He holds the experience of winning a Lok Sabha seat by the greatest margin (about 5.70 lakhs; Vadodara). Indian elections open as 900 million voters give their verdict on Narendra Modi.
About Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi is the popular Prime Minister of India. He won from Varanasi constituency in the Lok Sabha. He is the most notable leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
He has been deemed a master tactician for his party. He has been the Chief Minister of Gujarat for four following terms.
Narendra Modi Family And Personal Background
Narendra Damodardas Modi was born in a small town called Vadnagar in Mehsana district of Gujarat. PM Modi was born on 17 September 1950 to Damodardas Mulchand Modi and Heeraben Modi. The two had six children among which PM Modi was the third eldest.
Detailed Profile Of Narendra Modi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi finished his studies against all odds. His story of struggle started when as a teenager, he, along with his brother, used to run a tea stall near a railway station in Ahmedabad. He did his education from the nearby Vadnagar railway station and received a master’s degree in Political Science from Gujarat University.
One of his school teachers called him an average student but a gifted debater. During his college days, he served as a ‘pracharak’ (promoter) of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). He left home at the age of 17 years and toured across the country for the next two years.
At the next stage, during the 1990s, when PM Modi served as the official spokesperson of the BJP in New Delhi, he made a three-month-long program in the US on public associations and image management.
One of his brothers, Somabhai, is a retired health officer who now operates an old age home in the city of Ahmedabad. Added by his brother Prahlad, an activist on behalf of fair-price shop owners has his fair-price shop in Ahmedabad. His third brother Pankaj operated with the Information Department in Gandhinagar.
Narendra Modi Wife – Jashodaben
Jashodaben Narendrabhai Modi born in January 1952 is a retired Indian teacher and the wife of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Their customary marriage was arranged in Vadnagar by their families. The couple got married in 1968.PM Modi did not formally accept this marriage until 2014 during his campaign. Jashodaben proceeds to recognize herself as the wife of Narendra Modi. She concluded her education and had a profession as a teacher.
Resigned from teaching, Jashodaben experiences a simple life of prayer. As the wife of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, she is guarded by a security detail but has been powerless to learn what their orders are or what rights she has in this place, despite filing actions with the government.
Narendra Modi Political Career
PM Narendra Modi always had the most enthusiasm to work and help the people in need. As a young boy, Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave his services willingly to the soldiers at the railway stations throughout the Indo-Pak war in 1965. He also helped affected people during the 1967 Gujarat floods.
Narendra Modi began working in the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation’s staff canteen. Finally, from there he became a full-time proponent and campaigner, generally called a ‘pracharak’, of the RSS. Prime Minister Narendra Modi later experienced training at the RSS camp in Nagpur.
Any RSS member has to take up the foundation course for holding any official position in the Sangh Parivar. Narendra Modi was given command of the student wing, which is much known as Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP).
His participation in the Anti-emergency movement influenced senior political leaders. As a consequence of this, he was ultimately appointed the regional organizer of the newly-formed Bharatiya Janata Party in Gujarat.
Narendra Modi was an active organizer from a very young age. During the Emergency, he prepared for secret circulation of RSS pamphlets and also planned protests against the Emergency rule.
Throughout his RSS days, he met the two Jan Sangh leaders, Vasant Gajendragadkar and Nathalal Jaghda, who next established the state unit of BJP in Gujarat. In 1987, the RSS deputed Narendra Modi to politics by supporting his candidature in the BJP. PM Modi’s efficiency was identified and he grew to fame after leading the Ekta Yatra for Murli Manohar Joshi.
PM Narendra Modi Political Journey
Enhanced the General Secretary of the BJP’s Gujarat unit in 1988.
Known as a key administrator for being effective in strongly campaigning for the gathering in the 1995 and 1998 Gujarat Assembly elections, which delivered BJP the ruling party in Gujarat.
Strongly built two challenging events on the national security level: the Somnath to Ayodhya Rath Yatra, which was a prolonged march by L. K. Advani, and a march from Kanyakumari (southern tip of India) to Kashmir (the northern tip) initiated by Murli Manohar Joshi. These two events are said to have contributed to inducing the BJP to rule in 1998.
In 1995, PM Narendra Modi was elected as the Secretary of the BJP’s national security unit.
Narendra Modi was recognized for having strongly carried out the duty of reconstructing the party organization in different states.
In 1998, Shri Narendra Modi served as General Secretary and held the place till October 2001.
Shri Narendra Modi elections results graced the Chief Minister of Gujarat for the first time in October 2001, candidate against Narendra Modi was Keshubhai Patel retired from the post following the defeat of BJP by-elections.
After winning the constituency seat of Narendra Modi Gujarat Assembly elections three consecutive times and keeping the position of the state’s chief minister, PM Modi defended the 2014 Lok Sabha general elections for the first time. He won the polls by a grand margin and became the Prime Minister of India following the win.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi Schemes
- Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (concerning financial inclusion)
- Swachh Bharat Mission (concerning clean public places and better sanitation facilities)
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (stock of LPG to families living BPL)
- Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (concerning efficiency in irrigation)
- Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (concerning insurance against crop failure)
- Pahal (concerning LPG subsidy)
- Mudra Bank Yojana (concerning banking services for Medium and Small Enterprises)
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (concerning skill training to the young workforce)
- Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (to empower rural infrastructure)
- Make in India (concerning to boost the manufacturing sector)
- Garib Kalyan Yojana (concerning address welfare needs of the poor)
- E-Basta (concerning online learning forum)
- Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (concerning financial empowerment of the girl child)
- Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat (concerning to enhance children’s reading, writing, and mathematical skills)
- DDU-Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (concerning vocational training to the rural youth as part of ‘Skill India’ mission)
- Nayi Manzil Yojana (concerning skills-based training to Madrasa students)
- Stand Up India (concerning support to women and SC/ST entrepreneurs)
- Atal Pension Scheme (concerning pension scheme for unorganized sector employees)
- Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (concerning insurance against accident)
- Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (concerning life insurance)
- Sagar Mala Project (concerning developing port infrastructure)
- Smart Cities Project (concerning building urban infrastructure)
- Rurban Mission (concerning modern facilities in villages)
- Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (concerning affordable housing for all)
- Jan Aushadhi Scheme (concerning provision for affordable medicines)
- Digital India (concerning digitally equipped nation and economy)
- Digilocker (concerning securing documents online)
- School Nursery Yojana (concerning afforestation program by and for young citizens)
- Gold Monetisation Scheme (concerning gold stocks lying idle in households in the economy)
Narendra Modi’s International Tours
- Four-nation African tour including Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Kenya to strengthen ties in trade, energy, defense, and maritime cooperation. (July 2016)
- First Prime-Minister calls Mexico in three decades to improve bilateral relations. (June 2016)
- Visit the US to increase ties and improve cooperation between the two countries. (June 2016)
- Meeting with top industry leaders in Qatar to develop industry and trade relationships between both countries. (June 2016)
- Respectively meet with Switzerland President Johann Schneider Ammann who established India’s bid for NSG membership. Narendra Modi also met the country’s business heads to develop industry and trade ties between India and Switzerland. (June 2016)
- Visit Afghanistan and jointly initiated the Afghan- India Friendship Dam with President Ashraf Ghani. (June 2016)
- Visit Iran to heighten trade, investments, energy partnerships, connectivity, culture, and people to people relationships. The historic Chabahar Agreement was sealed during this visit. (May 2016)
- Visit Saudi Arabia for developing bilateral relations and growing business ties between the two countries. (April 2016)
- Visited Russia to accompany the 16th Annual India-Russia summit. As many as 16 major agreements were signed between the two countries. (December 2015)
- Visit Singapore regarding fifty years of India-Singapore relations. The Prime Minister met plenty of top investors and invited them to ‘Make in India.’ (November 2015)
- Visited Malaysia to accompany the ASEAN-India Summit. Narendra Modi met his Malaysian counterpart Najib Razak to review bilateral ties with him. He also met his Chinese and Japanese counter parts Li Keqiang and Shinzo Abe on the sidelines of the summit. (November 2015)
- Historic visit to the UK, the head in over a decade, to increase business and cultural ties linking the two countries. The UK Prime Minister David Cameron communicated support for India’s permanent candidature of a reformed UNSC. (November 2015)
- First Prime Ministerial visit to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in 34 years. Visited increased economic ties and security cooperation. (August 2015)
- Tour of Central Asia including Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. Historic and special visit in which important effort was made to expand India’s cooperation with the Central Asian nations. (July 2015)
- Visit Bangladesh held talks with Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and the signing of several MOUs. The historic Land Boundary Agreement was approved during this visit. (June 2015)
- Visiting the Republic of Korea increased many aspects of India-Korea cooperation. (May 2015)
- Historic visit to Mongolia initiated broad avenues of partnership and cooperation between the two nations. (May 2015)
- Three-day China visit grew bilateral partnership and economic cooperation between India and China and improved friendship among the two of the oldest civilizations of the world. (May 2015)
- Visit Canada was the first only respective visit by an Indian Prime Minister in more than four decades to increase ties between the two nations. (April 2015)
- Visit Germany to carry lengthy talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and famous business leaders and promote the Indian government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative. (April 2015)
- Visit France for comprehensive discussions to strengthen India-France ties. Narendra Modi met many French leaders and business managers and considered ways to strengthen economic co-operation. (April 2015)
- Initiated a successful 3-nation tour to Seychelles, Mauritius and Sri Lanka to increase India’s ties with these friendly nations. (March 2015)
- Visited Brazil to accompany the BRICS Summit in Fortaleza. A wide range of global issues was addressed during the Summit where it was determined to set up a BRICS bank and the first head of the Bank was to be from India. Three MoUs were approved between Brazil and India. (December 2014)
- Visit Nepal to accompany the 18th SAARC Summit. (November 2014)
- First respective visit to Fiji by an Indian Prime Minister in 33 years. Narendra Modi attended a ‘Forum for India-Pacific Island cooperation’ where he communicated with leaders from several Pacific island nations. (November 2014)
- First bilateral visit by an Indian Prime Minister in 28 years. Narendra Modi served the G-20 Summit in Brisbane which was supported by a state visit to Australia. (November 2014)
- Attended two major multilateral summits, the ASEAN & East Asia Summits in Myanmar. (November 2014)
- Initiated a successful visit to Japan throughout which he held lengthy discussions with the top leadership of Japan to increase ties between the two countries in various spheres. The visit occurred in several agreements. (August 2014)
- Begun on his first-ever foreign visit after allowing charge to Bhutan indicating the moment India attaches to ties with Bhutan. (June 2014)
Narendra Modi’s Tenure As Best Gujarat Chief Minister
As the Chief Minister of Gujarat, Narendra Modi had served the state as ‘Energetic Gujarat’ declaring that it had made fast progress in terms of infrastructural development and economic growth. Yet, some critics also point out starvation, malnutrition, and lack of proper education in the state.
As per the statistics, the state rated 14th in times of poverty as of September 2013 and 18th in terms of education rate in 2014. On the other hand, state leaders claim that the state beat other states in terms of women’s education. Furthermore, the school drop-out rates and the maternal mortality rates declined. Gujarat is also one of the states that do not suffer from the dilemma of land mafia.
Contrary to the allegations made by the state officials, Christophe Jaffrelot, a political scientist said that the growth in the state was restricted only to the urban middle class. The rural people and those relating to the lower castes were ignored by the government.
According to Jaffrelot, under the Modi government there had been an improvement in the number of people living under the poverty line. At the same time, the tribal and the Dalit villages were treated as subalterns. Other critics, including noted statistician Amartya Sen, are also of the same view.
Narendra Modi First Term (2001 to 2002)
- On 7 October 2001, Narendra Modi was elected as the Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat with exit polls results of 270 seats of vote share
- He was assigned the responsibility of serving the party for the December 2002 elections.
- As Chief Minister, Narendra Modi put importance on the privatization of small governmental institutions.
- 2002 Gujarat violence: 27 February saw a significant incident of communal violence, ending in the massacre of 58 people, when a train transporting hundreds of passengers, mostly Hindu pilgrims, was set aflame near Godhra. This event resulted in anti-Muslim violence, which covered almost the entire Gujarat within no time.
- The expected death toll ranged between 900 and 2,000. The Gujarat state led by Narendra Modi imposed curfews in many cities and states of Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal of the state to prevent the growth of violence. Human rights organizations, media, and opposition parties like the Congress party attacked the Modi government for taking improper and insufficient steps to curb the violence.
- A Special Investigation Team (SIT) was elected by the Supreme Court in April 2009 to probe into the role played by the government and PM Modi. The SIT presented a report to the court in December 2010 saying that it did not find any evidence against Modi Ji. Yet, the SIT was accused of concealing evidence in July 2013.
- Consequently, stress positioned the BJP with different Indian politics opposition parties and rallies asking the resignation of Modi from the CM’s post. But the following elections resulted in BJP winning complete bulk by securing 127 out of 182 seats.
Narendra Modi Second Term (2002 to 2007) : PM Modi laid pressure on the economic growth of Gujarat, which appeared in the state emerging as an investment destination.
He established technology and financial parks in the state.
- The Vibrant Gujarat Summit in 2007 recognized real estate investment transactions worth Rs 6,600 billion signed in Gujarat.
- In July 2007, PM Modi achieved 2,063 consecutive days as Chief Minister of Gujarat, building a record of holding the post of CM of Gujarat for the most number of days.
Narendra Modi Third Term (2007 to 2012) – In later years, the state essentially developed its agricultural output, largely due to projects linked to the improvement of the supply of groundwater in places like Kachchh, Saurashtra, and other northern parts of the state. Attempts were also made to improve the use of micro-irrigation and provide farms with efficient power supply.
- Construction projects in the field of foundation saw the construction of 5,00,000 structures in 2008, out of which 1,13,738 were control dams. In 2010, 60 out of the 112 tehsils recovered the normal groundwater level. This appeared in the increased production of genetically mutated BT cotton.
- The agriculture growth rate in Gujarat rose to 9.6 percent during 2001- 2007 and Compound Annual Growth Rate in Gujarat for the decade 2001- 2010 reached 10.97 percent, which was most powerful among all states of India.
- A fundamental change in the system of power supply to rural areas helped flourish agriculture.
- Sadbhavana Mission or Goodwill Mission was created by Modi in late 2011 and early 2012 to lead out to the Muslim community in the state. Modi witnessed a series of fasts and believed that this step would “further strengthen Gujarat’s environment of peace, unity, and harmony.”
Narendra Modi Fourth Term (2012 to 2014) PM Modi got elected from the voters of Maninagar after winning by a huge margin.
Narendra Modi Awards Won
- On the centenary celebration of Shri Poona Gujarati Bandhu Samaj, Narendra Modi was presented with the Gujarat Ratna award at the Ganesh Kala Krida Manch.
- The network society of India presented him the e-Ratna award
- In 2009, the FDI magazine praised him as the Asian Winner of the FDI Star of the Year Award.
- Recognition 2006, India Today carried a nationwide survey that named him as the Best Chief Minister in India.
- In March 2012, Time magazine highlighted him on the cover page of its Asian edition. He is one of the very few legislators of India to be highlighted on the cover of Time.
- In 2014, Narendra Modi was highlighted in the ‘Time 100’ list of most influential people in the world.
- Narendra Modi graced the most followed ‘Asian leader’ on Twitter in 2014.
- “Forbes” ranked Modi as the ’15th Most Powerful Person’ in the world in 2014.
Narendra Modi Books
Narendra Modi- A Political Biography
Narendra Modi- A Political Biography’ by Andy Marino tries to give a clear picture of Narendra Modi, the man, and his politics. It allows the readers to get a better knowledge of Modi’s ways of governance. The book reviews the different perspectives on the Gujarat model of governance. Andy Marino takes us into Modi’s journey of life from childhood to a young man who went on to become India’s Prime Minister.
Centrestage : Inside the Narendra Modi Model of Governance
Uday Mahurkar’s ‘Centre Stage: Inside the Narendra Modi Model of Governance’ provides a balanced and cold judgment of Modi’s mantra of governance. Mahurkar not only talks about Modi’s imaginary schemes but also talks about problems on which Narendra Modi could have paid more consideration and performed better. The book describes how Modi transformed Gujarat during his tenure and reviews the notable features of the Modi model of governance.
Modi : Making of a Prime Minister: Leadership, Governance, and Performance
The book by Vivian Fernandez is a glimpse into the political scenario of Gujarat and the way of Modi’s governance from the perspective of a liberal Indian. In other words, the book does not take any stand or gives any judgment. Vivian explains how Modi utilized the opportunity to enhance the economic conditions of the people of Gujarat. How PM Modi reached and ruled the house of parliament.
The Man of the Moment – Narendra Modi
‘The Man of the Moment: Narendra Modi‘ authored by M V Kamath and Kalindi Randeri reveals the life and the development of a perfect politician who has extended the boundaries of politics in India. The book explains the motivations and the unusual stamina of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to continue firm in the face of criticism.
The NaMo Story : A Political Life
‘The NaMo Story: A Political Life’ by Kingshuk Nag provides an excellent portrayal of an exceptional politician, Narendra Modi, describing his journey from a tea vendor’s son to the Chief Minister of Gujarat. The book begins with a brief history of the political situation and improvements of the 1990s. It goes on to explain how PM Narendra Modi employed his organizational skills to build up the Hindutva agenda for the BJP.
Narendra Modi : The Gamechanger
Sudesh Verma’s ‘Narendra Modi – The Gamechanger’ tells Prime Minister Narendra Modi as a game-changer who understands how to move and influence people with his work and turn the reports on his opponents. The book is based on extensive interviews of Modi and his close friends about the things and events that shaped his thoughts and actions and the way PM Narendra Modi evolved as a man. An ordinary man can find a reflection of his struggle in the life of Shri Narendra Modi.
Books written by Narendra Modi
‘Jyotipunj’ describes all the people who Narendra Modi holds encouraged him and had a great influence on his work. Modi was affiliated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) originally as a worker and then as a ‘pracharak’. He gives a comprehensive insight into the life of the souls who inspired him. The book also includes a picture of the thoughts of these people.
Abode of Love
‘Abode of Love’ is a summary of eight short stories penned by PM Narendra Modi. It was signed by Modi at a very young age. These stories showed the sensitive and loving aspect of his character. Modi understands that the love of a mother is the root of all love and it is the greatest love.
Everything is the kind of love – of lovers, of friends, etc – all are the images of a mother’s love. The book unravels the layers of human relationships in a beautiful way.
‘Premtirth’ is a set of short stories composed by Narendrabhai Modi. In this book, he brings a deep portrayal of loving feelings in a very simple and yet powerful language.
Kelve Te Kelavani
‘Kelave te Kelavani’ implies ‘education is that which nurtures’. The book is an accumulation of words of wisdom by Shri Narendra Modi, India’s Prime Minister. The book brings forth his ideas and his idea to bring about a knowledge change in Gujarat. It shows his love for education.
‘Sakshibhav’ consists of a group of letters written to Jagat Janani Maa. It represents the journey of inner-self of PM Narendra Modi and his feelings. The book draws forth the warm thoughts of Modi at the time of his conflict when he was a worker with RSS.
‘Samajik Samrasta’ is a collection of Narendra Modi’s articles and lectures. The expression, “Express your views not just through words but by actions too”, aptly fits this book. The book reflects Modi’s beliefs on social harmony with no difference based on castes and unravels many incidents of his interactions with Dalits. The life incidents of many social reformers are also narrated.
Narendra Modi Social Media Links
Facebook – https://www.facebook.com/wesupportmrnamo/
Twitter – https://twitter.com/wesupportpmmodi