PMKSY: Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana is a national purpose to increase farm productivity and ensure better utilization of the resources in the country. The budget of ₹53 billion (US$740 million) in a period of one the year 2015-2016 has been allotted to this scheme. The judgment was taken on 1 July 2015 at the conference of Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), which in turn was supervised by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The plan has been established with an outlay of 50000 crores for 5 years (2015-16 to 2019-20).
PM Krishi Sinchai Yojana Objectives:
- The convergence of finance in irrigation at the field level
- Expand cultivable area under irrigation (हर खेत को पानी)
- Better On-farm water usability to reduce wastage of water
- Improve the selection of being specific in irrigation and other water-saving technologies (more crop per drop)
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana Purpose:
The primary goals of PMKSY are to bring investments in irrigation systems at the field level, improve and expand cultivable land in the country, improve ranch water use inline to minimize wastage of water, improve crop per drop by executing water-saving technologies and accuracy irrigation.
The system additionally calls for leading ministries, offices, organizations, research, and financial institutions associated with the creation and recycling of water under one program so that an exhaustive and holistic vision of the whole water cycle is recognized. The purpose is to open the doors for optimal water budgeting in all areas. The tagline for PMKSY is “More Crop Per Drop“.
The Integrated Watershed Management program was subsumed into the popular PMKSY on 26 October 2015. The center implementation actions of IWMP were consistent and were as per the Common Guidelines 2008 (Revised 2011) of IWMP. Meeting with other Central and State Government schemes continues the top of the agenda for the program towards optimal and rational utilization of financial resources. Progress has also been taken to undertake Natural Resources Management activities by employing the labor element of MGNREGS and to try some of the Entry Point Activities in convergence with Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin).
PMKSY Programme Components
PMKSY has the following program components:
A. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP)
- To center on the faster achievement of ongoing Major and Medium Irrigation including National Projects.
B. PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani)
- Production of new water causes through Minor Irrigation (both surface and groundwater).
- Reconstruction, restoration and renovation of water bodies; increasing the carrying capacity of traditional water sources, construction rainwater harvesting arrangements (Jal Sanchay).
- Command area expansion, strengthening, and production of the distribution network from beginning to the farm.
- Groundwater growth in the areas where it is abundant, so that sink is designed to store runoff/ floodwater throughout peak rainy season.
- Development in water management and distribution system for water bodies to take benefit of the available source which is not drawn to its fullest capacity (deriving benefits from low hanging fruits). At least 10% of the control area to be covered under micro/precision irrigation.
- Change of water from the source of the different locations where it is lots to nearby water-scarce areas, lift irrigation from water bodies/rivers at a lower height to supplement requirements ahead IWMP and MGNREGS irrespective of irrigation command.
- Creating and restoring traditional water area systems like Jal Mandir (Gujarat); Khatri, Kuhl (H.P.); Zabo (Nagaland); Eri, Ooranis (T.N.); Dongs (Assam); Katas, Bandhas (Odisha and M.P.), etc. at feasible locations.
C. PMKSY (Per Drop More Crop)
- Program control, preparation of State/District Irrigation Plan, approval of annual action plan, Monitoring, etc.
- Developing effective water transport and precision water application methods like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain – guns on the farm (Jal Sinchan);
- Covering up of input cost especially under civil construction beyond the permissible limit (40%), below MGNREGS for projects like lining inlet, outlet, silt traps, distribution system, etc.
- Construction of micro-irrigation arrangements to supplement source work activities including tube wells and dug wells (in areas where groundwater is accessible and not under semi-critical /critical /over the exploited level of development) which are not held under AIBP, PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani), PMKSY (Watershed) and MGNREGS as per block/district irrigation plan.
- Secondary storage constructions at the tail end of the canal system to store water when possible in excess (rainy season) or from permanent sources like streams for use during dry periods by effective on-farm water management;
- Water lifting tools like diesel/ electric/ solar pump sets including water carriage pipes, underground piping system.
- Addition activities for the promotion of scientific moisture maintenance and agronomic standards including cropping alignment to maximize the use of accessible water including rainfall and minimize irrigation requirement (Jal Sarankchan).
- Capacity building, training, and appreciation campaign including low-cost publications, application of Pico projectors, and low-cost films for helping potential use water source through technological, agronomic and management methods including community irrigation.
- The extension workers will be allowed to disseminate relevant technologies below PMKSY only after necessary training is provided to them particularly in the area of promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures, improved/ innovative distribution systems like pipe and box outlet system, etc. Appropriate Domain Specialists will act as Master Trainers.
- Information Communication Technology (ICT) invasions within NeGP – A to be made use in the field of water use energy, accuracy irrigation technologies, on-farm water management, crop alignment, etc. and also to do fast monitoring of the Scheme.
D. PMKSY (Watershed Development)
- Effective management of runoff water and improved soil & moisture protection activities such as ridge area treatment, drainage line 5 treatment, rainwater harvesting, in – situ moisture protection, and other allied movements on a watershed basis.
- b) Uniting with MGNREGS for production of the water source to full potential in known backward rained blocks including improvement of traditional water bodies